4 Reasons Why India Can't Afford to Miss the Electric Ride


The electric vehicle (EV) revolution is rapidly gaining momentum in India, driven by a confluence of environmental, economic, and technological factors. As the nation strives to reduce its carbon footprint and embrace sustainable mobility solutions, EVs are emerging as a viable and attractive alternative to traditional internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles.

EV charging infrastructureEV charging infrastructure

Reduced environmental impact

Lowering carbon emissions and air pollution

One of the primary drivers behind the adoption of EVs in India is their potential to significantly reduce carbon emissions and air pollution. According to a report by the Council on Energy, Environment, and Water (CEEW), India could cut its carbon emissions by up to 1 gigatonne by 2030 through the widespread adoption of electric vehicles. This aligns with India's commitment under the Paris Agreement to reduce its carbon intensity by 33-35% from 2005 levels by 2030.

Major metropolitan areas like Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore have long grappled with severe air pollution, often exceeding safe limits set by the World Health Organization (WHO). By transitioning to EVs, India can substantially lower levels of harmful pollutants such as particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), which are prevalent in diesel and petrol vehicle emissions. A study by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) estimates that a complete switch to electric buses and cars could reduce NOx emissions by as much as 80% by 2050.

Improved energy efficiency

Additionally, EVs boast superior energy efficiency compared to conventional ICE vehicles. Electric motors operate at an efficiency of 60-70%, significantly higher than the 20-25% efficiency of internal combustion engines. This translates into reduced energy consumption for the same distance traveled, saving valuable resources and reducing India's reliance on imported crude oil.

Lower operating costs

Fuel cost savings

One of the most compelling reasons for Indian consumers to consider EVs is the potential for substantial fuel cost savings. With petrol prices hovering around INR 90-100 per liter as of early 2024, the cost per kilometer for an average ICE vehicle (assuming a mileage of 15 km/liter) is approximately INR 6.0-6.7. In contrast, the cost of electricity in India ranges from INR 6 to 8 per kWh. An average EV like the Tata Nexon EV consumes approximately 15 kWh per 100 km, resulting in a cost per kilometer of only INR 0.9-1.2. This represents a remarkable fuel cost saving of 80-85% per kilometer for EVs compared to ICE vehicles.

Lower maintenance costs

EVs also benefit from significantly lower maintenance costs due to their simpler design and fewer moving parts. Unlike ICE vehicles, EVs do not require oil changes, fuel filters, spark plugs, or emission checks. While the maintenance cost for an ICE vehicle can average INR 1.5-2.0 per kilometer over its lifespan (including periodic services and part replacements), EVs could reduce this cost to around INR 0.5-0.7 per kilometer.

Considering a lifespan of 10 years and an average annual driving distance of 12,000 km, the total cost of ownership for an ICE vehicle, including maintenance and fuel, would approximate INR 6.0-7.0 lakhs. In contrast, even accounting for one battery replacement, the equivalent cost for an EV might be only INR 3.0-4.0 lakhs. These substantial long-term savings are further enhanced by lower environmental impact fees and potential future government incentives for EV adoption.

Technological advancements

Improved battery performance

One of the most significant technological advancements driving the adoption of EVs in India is the improvement in battery performance. Modern EV batteries, such as lithium-ion (Li-ion), have seen remarkable improvements in energy density and efficiency. As a result, the average range of EVs on Indian roads has increased substantially. For instance, models like the Tata Nexon EV offer a range of up to 312 km on a single charge, while the MG ZS EV extends up to 419 km under standard test conditions. These figures are a vast improvement compared to earlier models, which struggled to cross 100 km per charge just a few years ago.

Advanced safety and user experience features

In addition to improved battery performance, EVs in India are now equipped with advanced smart technologies that enhance user experience and safety. Features like autonomous driving capabilities, although currently limited to basic functions such as assisted parking and adaptive cruise control due to regulatory and infrastructure constraints, are making their way into the market. Vehicles are also being equipped with sophisticated infotainment systems that support real-time vehicle monitoring, GPS connectivity, and more, improving the overall driving experience.

Expanding charging infrastructure

Addressing range anxiety

As the adoption of EVs in India increases, the infrastructure to support them is also expanding rapidly, addressing one of the most significant barriers to widespread adoption: range anxiety. As of early 2024, there are over 12,000 public EV charging stations operational across the country, with a dense network in major cities and along key highways.

The expansion plans are ambitious, with major oil companies planning to set up 22,000 EV charging stations across prominent cities and national highways. These stations are strategically planned to be deployed every 25 km along major highways and expressways, making long-distance travel in EVs more convenient and practical.

Encouraging renewable energy usage

Furthermore, the Ministry of Power has set guidelines to encourage the use of renewable energy for EV charging. These guidelines include lower electricity tariffs during solar hours and a planned increase in renewable energy capacity to support the growing power demand from EVs. These measures not only support India's transition to clean energy but also create significant job opportunities in the EV and renewable energy sectors.

The Indian government has set a target for EVs to constitute 30% of new vehicle registrations by 2030, aiming for a substantial increase in both private and public charging facilities to support an estimated 40 to 50 million EVs on the road by then. This broad expansion of EV charging infrastructure is aimed at addressing range anxiety and making electric vehicles a viable option for more consumers, thereby supporting India's broader environmental and economic goals.


The transition to electric vehicles in India is a journey fueled by a powerful combination of environmental, economic, and technological factors. As the nation continues to expand its EV infrastructure and the technology behind these vehicles improves, the case for switching to electric becomes stronger and more compelling.

Adopting EVs not only supports India's national goals under global climate accords but also offers individual benefits, including substantial cost savings and a superior driving experience. By choosing an electric vehicle, you are not just purchasing a mode of transport—you are investing in the future of the planet and contributing to a sustainable and technologically advanced society.

Whether for personal use or as part of a corporate fleet, the time to consider an EV is now, as it represents a smart, forward-thinking choice that aligns with both economic and environmental priorities. Embrace the electric vehicle revolution and be a part of India's journey towards a greener, more sustainable future.