The Secrets Behind Lower Maintenance Costs of EVs

Demystifying electric vehicle maintenance: A beginner's guide to effortless ownership

Embarking on the journey of electric vehicle (EV) ownership is exciting, but it's natural to feel a tad overwhelmed by the prospect of maintenance, especially if you're new to the world of EVs and technology.

Let's start with the basics: EVs are a marvel of modern engineering, designed with simplicity and efficiency in mind. Unlike traditional gasoline cars with their labyrinth of internal combustion components, EVs boast a streamlined architecture with much fewer parts. This means less time spent tinkering under the hood and more time enjoying the ride.

One of the biggest perks of owning an EV is bidding adieu to the hassle of frequent maintenance tasks. Say goodbye to oil changes, spark plug replacements, and all those other chores that come with owning a gas-guzzler. In an EV, you won't find alternators, catalytic converters, or any of those intimidating engine bits. It's all about simplicity and efficiency.


Now, let's talk batteries—the powerhouse behind every EV. Sure, they may sound intimidating, but think of them as the heart and soul of your electric steed. While concerns about battery longevity exist, rest assured that today's lithium-ion batteries are built to last. With proper care and attention, your EV battery can go the distance, matching the lifespan of the vehicle itself.

Just like any vehicle, EVs require routine maintenance to keep them running smoothly. From tire rotations to brake checks, these are the tasks that ensure your EV stays road-ready. And with instant torque at your fingertips, proper tire maintenance is key to maximizing traction and minimizing slippage—especially on slippery roads.

In the world of EVs, staying up to date goes beyond just tire rotations and brake pads. Software and firmware updates are the name of the game, helping to optimize performance, introduce new features, and enhance security. It's like giving your EV a digital makeover, ensuring it's always running at its best.

EV vs. ICE vehicle maintenance: A technical comparison

When it comes to maintaining vehicles, the contrast between Electric Vehicles (EVs) and Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles reveals a fascinating blend of simplicity and complexity. Let's see into the key technological differences in their maintenance requirements.

  1. Battery vs. engine maintenance:
    • EVs: The heart of an EV lies in its battery pack. Unlike the intricate combustion engines of ICE vehicles, EVs boast a simpler powertrain. Maintenance revolves around monitoring battery health and software updates, with occasional component replacements, that too normally after several years.
    • ICE vehicles: ICE vehicles demand regular attention to their complex engines. This involves oil changes, spark plug replacements, and timing belt adjustments to keep them running smoothly.
  2. Brake system maintenance:
    • EVs: Thanks to regenerative braking, EVs are kinder to brake pads and rotors. Maintenance mainly entails brake fluid checks and periodic pad replacements.
    • ICE vehicles: Traditional braking systems in ICE vehicles wear out brake components faster, necessitating more frequent replacements.
  3. Exhaust system maintenance:
    • EVs: With no exhaust system, there's no maintenance needed.
    • ICE vehicles: ICE vehicles require regular inspections for exhaust leaks, rust, and catalytic converter efficiency, often leading to repairs or replacements.
  4. Air filter maintenance:
    • EVs: Maintenance here is limited to occasional cabin air filter replacements.
    • ICE vehicles: ICE vehicles need regular engine air filter changes to maintain optimal performance and fuel efficiency.
  5. Transmission maintenance:
    • EVs: No complex transmission systems mean no need for regular transmission fluid changes or repairs. However, after 10 years, you may need to change the transmission fluid.
    • ICE Vehicles: ICE vehicles require regular maintenance of transmission fluid, along with potential repairs or replacements.
  6. Cooling system maintenance:
    • EVs: Maintenance involves checking coolant levels to ensure the proper cooling of batteries and electronics.
    • ICE vehicles: Regular checks of coolant levels, radiator flushes, and thermostat replacements are necessary.
  7. Ignition system maintenance:
    • EVs: No spark plugs or ignition systems to worry about.
    • ICE Vehicles: Routine checks and replacements of spark plugs, ignition coils, and wires are necessary.
  8. Fuel system maintenance:
    • EVs: No fuel system means no maintenance in this area.
    • ICE vehicles: Regular maintenance of fuel filters, injectors, and lines is needed.
  9. Overall complexity and cost:
    • EVs: With fewer moving parts and simpler systems, EVs generally have lower maintenance costs over their lifespan.
    • ICE vehicles: The higher complexity of ICE vehicles leads to increased maintenance costs and more frequent repairs.

In short, EVs offer a refreshing simplicity in maintenance compared to their ICE counterparts. While ICE vehicles require meticulous attention to their intricate components, EVs embrace a more straightforward approach, promising lower maintenance costs and hassle for vehicle enthusiasts.

A comprehensive guide to electric vehicle maintenance

Monthly maintenance

As an electric vehicle (EV) owner, it's important to conduct regular checks to ensure your vehicle remains in top condition. Here's what you should do on a monthly basis:

  • Inspect interior and exterior lights to ensure they are functioning properly.
  • Check your tires for wear and ensure they are inflated to the correct pressure.
  • Tighten any loose wheel lugs to maintain safety.
  • Verify the windshield washer fluid level is adequate for clear visibility.
  • Monitor the coolant level to prevent overheating.
  • Double-check the operation of all exterior lights for safety while driving.
Six-month maintenance

Every six months, take the following additional steps to keep your EV running smoothly:

  • Check the connections of the 12-volt battery and clean them if necessary.
  • Inspect body and door drain holes to prevent obstructions.
  • Verify the cooling system fluid level and strength to prevent overheating.
  • Check door weatherstrips for signs of wear.
  • Lubricate hinges, latches, and outside locks if needed.
  • Ensure the parking brake is functioning properly.
  • Inspect safety belts for wear and tear.
  • Check safety warning lights to ensure they are operational.
  • Evaluate windshield wipers and washer spray for wear and functionality.
  • Use plain water to flush corrosive materials like road salt from the underbody.
Annual maintenance (12 Months or 10,000 Miles)

On an annual basis or every 10,000 miles, perform the following maintenance tasks:

  • Rotate tires to ensure even wear and extend their lifespan.
  • Replace the climate control filter for optimal air quality.
  • Conduct a multi-point inspection covering various components such as the 12-volt battery, lights, fluids, horn, half-shaft dust boots, suspension, steering, tires, windshields, washer spray, and wipers.
  • Inspect brake pads, rotors, drums, brake linings, hoses, and parking brake for safety.
  • Check steering linkage, ball joints, suspension, and tie rod end for any signs of wear or damage.
Additional maintenance
  • Replace windshield wiper blades every 15,000 miles to maintain clear visibility during inclement weather.
  • Change the cabin air for optimal air quality within the vehicle.
  • Replace brake fluid to maintain braking performance.
  • Change coolant to prevent overheating.
Long-term maintenance (10 Years or 150,000 Miles)
  • Change transmission fluid to maintain smooth shifting and extend the lifespan of the transmission.
  • Change the air conditioning desiccant to ensure efficient cooling performance.

By following this comprehensive maintenance schedule, you can ensure that your electric vehicle remains in excellent condition for years to come. Regular maintenance not only prolongs the lifespan of your EV but also ensures optimal performance and safety on the road.

Disclaimer: Maintenance procedures for each electric vehicle (EV) may vary. Please refer to your EV's manual for specific instructions while following the steps outlined in the above article.